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In this ppt of 33 pages we just cover all the main topics of optical fiber. In these slides you will find alll the matter helpfull. kindely dont forget to give us a small creadit so that we will get motivated for next ppt. we will try to provide you the best material for your studies. for any type of help or any type of qiestions do follow me on insta my insta id is - luckyrana.lr and you can ask any type of queries in dm of insta i will definetly help you. Thanks
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  • 1. National Seminar on Optical Fiber Supervisor:- Presented by:- Dr. J.S.Rana Laique Ahmed Department of Electronics & B.Sc(ECE) Communication Engineering Bilal Khan Shobhit University , Gangoh B.Tech(EE)
  • 2. Optical fiber Optical fiber (or "fiber optic") refers to the medium and the technology associated with the transmission of information as light pulses along a glass or plastic strand or fiber.
  • 3. Optical fiber carries much more information than conventional copper wire and is in general not subject to electromagnetic interference and the need to retransmit signals.
  • 4. Fiber optic system Communication system that uses light as the carrier of the information from a source to a destination through a guided fiber cable (glass or plastic) are called fiber optic system.
  • 5. The information carrying capacity of a communication system is directly proportional to it’s bandwidth. The wider bandwidth the greater is it’s information carrying capacity.
  • 6. Because of high information carrying capacity and low attenuation ,now-a-days fiber are finding wide application in telecommunications ,Local area networks ,sensors, computer networks ,etc.
  • 7. Optic communication compared to metallic cable communication metallic cable
  • 8. Advantage of fiber 1.Extremely Wide (Large) Bandwidth The bandwidth available with a single glass fiber is more than 100 GHz. With such a large bandwidth, it is possible to transmit thousands of video conversations or dozens of video signals over the same fiber simultaneously.
  • 9. Irrespective of weather the information is voice ,data or video or a combination of these, it can be transmitted easily over the optical fibers. Whereas ,only a very less number(40- 50) of independent signals alone can be sent through metallic cables.
  • 10. 2.Immunity to electrostatic interference As optical fibers are being made of either glass or plastic external electrical noise and lightning do not affect the energy in a fiber cable. The result is noise free transmission. However ,this is not true for metallic cables made of metals ,as they are good conductors of electricity.
  • 11. 3. Elimination of cross talk Fiber system are immune to cross talk between cables caused by magnetic induction . Whereas ,in a metallic cable cross talk results from the electromagnetic coupling between two adjacent wires.
  • 12. 4. Lighter weight and smaller size Optic fiber are very small in the size. The size reduction make fiber the ideal transmission medium for ships, aircraft and high rise buildings where bulky copper cables occupy too much space. Reduction of size is reduction of weight also.
  • 13. 5. Lower cost The material used in fiber is silica or silicondioxide which is one of the most abundant material on earth ,resulting in lower cost. Optical fiber costs are continuing to decline.
  • 14. SILICA SILICON DIOXIDE
  • 15. 6. Security Fiber cable are more secure than metallic cable. Due to it’s immunity to electromagnetic coupling and radiation ,optical fiber can be used in most secure environments. Although it can be intercepted ,it is very difficult to do so because at the receiving user’s end an alarm would be sounded.
  • 16. 7. Greater safety In many wired system, the potential hazard of short circuits requiresprecautionary designs. Whereas, the dielectric nature of optical fibers eliminates the spark hazard.
  • 17. 8. Corrosion Fiber cables are more resistive to environmental extremes. They operate over large temperature variation than their metallic counter parts ,and are less affected by corrosive liquids and gases.
  • 18. 9. Longer life and easy maintenance A longer life span of 20 to 30 years is predicated for the fiber optic cable as compared to 12 to 15 years for the conventional cables.
  • 19. Fiber cable construction
  • 20. There are many different cable designs available today. Depending on configuration, the cable may include a core, a cladding, a protective tube, a polyurethane compound and one or more protective jackets. The fiber cable consist of a core at the center and a cladding outside the core.
  • 21. The buffer jacket provide protection for the fiber from external mechanical influences that could cause fiber breakage or excessive optical attenuation. Surrounding the buffer jacket there is a layer of strength members called Kevlar (a yarn type material) which increase the tensile strength of cable.
  • 22. Again, an outer protective tube is filled with polyurethane ,which prevents moisture from coming into contact with fiber. The type of cable construction used depends on the performance requirements of the system and both the economic and environmental constraints.
  • 23. Types of optical fibres 1.Based on material -Plastic core with plastic cladding -Plastic core with glass cladding -glass core with glass cladding 2. Based on mode of transmission -Single mode fiber -multimode fiber 3.Index profile -Step-index fiber - Graded index fiber
  • 24. 1. Based on material i.Plastic core with plastic cladding  This type of fibre cable have same material so it is easy in production  less expensive and easy to install  Mostly use in short distance and have capability of 6Mbps
  • 25. ii. Glass core with plastic cladding (PCS) -It is having low signal lost -Less affected by radiation -Suitable for military application
  • 26. iii. Glass core with glass cladding (SCS)  It is having lower signal lost than PCS  More susceptible in radiation areas and losses signal
  • 27. 2. Based on mode of transmission a) Single mode fiber It is having only one path for light to pass. Very small diameter of core.(7 to 10 μm) It have bandwidth up to 40Ghz. Mostly use in long distance and low cost circuit like T.V. cable.
  • 28. b) Multimode fiber Light takes more than one path to travel . Core is having diameter of 20 to 100μm. Usually use for medium distance and high bandwidth. cladding
  • 29. 3. Index profile a) Step index fiber Step index have uniform reflective index of core. Core have bigger refractive index than cladding. Graph of radial distance vs. refractive index is seems like a step-index fiber.
  • 30. b) Graded index fibre Core of graded index fibre have non-uniform. c) Refractive index Refractive index is highest at canter and decrease till end of core.
  • 31. Application of optical fiber (1) Communication -Wi-fi router -Landline phones -Server connector -Broad bandwidth (2) Military -Military equipments -Weapons -Antenna to communicate in far areas
  • 32. (3)Sensors (4)Detactors -Metal detactors
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