English Phonology - 04-Vowels and Dihptongs

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1. English Phonology Structure of Language 2. VowelsStructure of Language 3. Vowels ã produced by passing air throughdifferent shapes of the mouth,withdifferent…
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  • 1. English Phonology Structure of Language
  • 2. VowelsStructure of Language
  • 3. Vowels • produced by passing air throughdifferent shapes of the mouth,withdifferent positions of the tongueand the lips, and withthe air stream relatively unobstructedby narrow passages except at theglottis.
  • 4. Vowels • Thus, they areapproximant,voiced, oral,andcentral.
  • 5. Pronounce these peat pit pet pate pat put putt pool poke pot part port
  • 6. English Vowels a e i u o And sometimes ‘y’ i ɪ ɛ ə ɜ æ u ʊ ɔ ɒ ʌ ɑ /si/ /hɪt/ /sɛt/ /əbaʊt/ /hɜ/ /kæt/ /tu/ /bʊk/ /fɔ/ /ʤɒg/ /sʌn / /fɑ/
  • 7. central low mid front high back Naming a Vowel
  • 8. Naming a Vowel • The ‘height’of the tongue:front or central or back • The position of the tongue:high ormid or low • The degree of liprounding:roundedor unrounded
  • 9. Try these! • feed – food • feet - fat
  • 10. Tenseness • Degree ofmuscular effort or constriction: tense vs lax • leap– lip/ suit – soot
  • 11. Well... ‘Vowel sounds are notoriousfor varying between onevariety of Englishand the next, often beinga key elementin whatwe recognizeas differentaccents.’ Yule (2010:35)
  • 12. Naming a Vowel • The ‘height’of the tongue:front(palatal) or central or back (velar) • The position of thetongue:highor mid or low • The degree of lip rounding: roundedor unrounded
  • 13. Naming a Vowel • The ‘height’of the tongue:front(palatal) or central or back (velar) • The position of thetongue:highor mid or low • The degree of lip rounding: roundedor unrounded
  • 14. Vowel Chart i ɪ ɛ ə ʌ u ʊ æ ɒ ɑ ɔ front central back high mid low ɜ
  • 15. Diphtongs • a combinationof two vowel sounds • the tongue starts in one placeand glides to another
  • 16. Diphtongs
  • 17. Diphtongs • [aɪ] • [aʊ] • [ɔɪ] • [oʊ] • [eɪ] buy, eye, I, my, pie, sigh bough, doubt, cow boy, noise boat, home, throw, toe bait, eight, great, late, say
  • 18. Vowel Chart i ɪ ɛ ə ʌ u ʊ æ ɒ ɑ ɔ front central back high mid low ɜ e o a
  • 19. Btw, ‘Thepronunciationof any ofthese diphthongsmay vary from our description because of the diversity of Englishspeakers.’ Fromkin, Rodman, Hyams (2011:271)
  • 20. References • Finegan, E. (2008).Language:ItsStructureandUse,5th Edition. • Yule,G. (2010).TheStudyofLanguage,FourthEdition. • Fromkin,V., Rodman, R., & Hyams, N. (2009).An IntroductiontoLanguage,9th Edition.
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